Greece currently hosts more than 60,000 refugees, most of whom will remain in the country.
Asylum seekers in Greece:119,700, of which 19,100 are on the islands (Lesbos, Samos, Chios)
Rank in Human Development Index: 33 of 191
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An estimated +32,000 children were present in Greece as of December 2019, up from 27,000 in December 2018.
It is estimated that 13,000 refugee and migrant children of school age (4-17 years old) across Greece are enrolled in formal education (as of January 2020, source: Education Sector Working Group.
73% of children 4-17 years old residing in apartments with their families or shelters and hotels for unaccompanied children are enrolled in Greek schools (as of January 2020)
38% of the total sea arrivals in 2020 were children.
Among total sea arrivals 12% were unaccompanied children
The main countries of origin of children arriving by sea in Greece during Jan-Dec 2019 were Afghanistan (53%), Syria (26%), Iraq (7%), and other countries (14%).
Children arrived in Greece, Spain, Italy, Malta, Bulgaria and Cyprus between January and December 2019 (38% girls and 62% boys). Child arrivals in Greece, Spain, Italy and Bulgaria in 2019 increased by 7% compared to child arrivals in 2018 (30,085)
Secondary analysis of data by the following sources: MoMP, MoE, ,MoCP, Hellenic Police, EKKA, Greek Asylum Service, IOM, UNHCR, UNICEF.
The estimated total number of refugee and migrant children in Greece includes also figures on self-settled population receiving cash assistance from UNHCR in urban locations in Greece.
Today, Greece has become something like a holding pen for people seeking asylum, with thousands stuck in reception centres on the islands living in squalid conditions. The 120,000 refugees in Greece can no longer legally travel deeper into Europe; most will likely remain in the country.
Most refugees living in urban settings are unable to find work to support their families as Greece continues to struggle economically in the aftermath of the 2015 financial crisis. High unemployment rates have taken a toll on the local population as well.
Out of the total number of asylum seekers and refugees remaining on the islands at the end of 2020, 7,093 were residing in the RICs of Samos, Chios, Leros and Kos, with a total nominal capacity of 3,338 accommodation places, while 7,172 persons were residing in the temporary camp of Mavrovouni, Lesvos.